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Last update 27-09-2021

Expired passports

Validity of passports

As a general rule, an ordinary Spanish passport is valid for a non-extendable term of:

  • 2 years if the applicant is under five years of age.

  • 5 years if the holder was under 30 years of age on the day it was issued.

  • 10 years if the holder is aged 30 or over.

For passports issued to minors or to disabled persons, the indicated validity may be limited at the reasoned request of the persons or institutions with parental authority or guardianship over the former.

A new passport with a validity period corresponding to the applicant's age may be applied for during the remaining 12 months of validity of the previous passport.

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Spanish citizens entering or leaving Spain with an expired passport or ID card

  • Can a Spanish citizen enter and/or leave Spain with an expired passport or ID card?

    A Spanish citizen may enter Spain with an expired passport or ID card once the border control authorities have checked the authenticity of the document and that the identity and nationality of the person match the data appearing on the document they are carrying.

    If travelling within the Schengen area, border checks are not carried out at internal borders between Schengen States, other than in exceptional circumstances (see Articles 25 to 29 of the Schengen Borders Code(Abre en nueva ventana) ).

    Before leaving Spain you should check the documents needed and requirements for entering the destination country. However, as a general rule, to cross an external border you must carry a valid passport or another valid travel document.

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Consequences or penalties

  • What are the consequences for Spanish citizens entering or leaving with an expired passport or ID card?

    Under the Spanish legal system, entering Spain with an expired passport or ID card is not an offence.

    With regard to leaving, you must cross an external border (to a third country) at an authorised border post with a valid passport or travel document. However, if travelling within the Schengen area, border checks are not carried out at internal borders between Schengen countries, other than in exceptional circumstances.

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Rules applicable to nationals from other EU Member States entering, leaving or travelling through Spain

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Special agreements or exceptions for some EU/EEA countries for citizens travelling with an expired passport or ID card

  • Are there any special agreements or exceptions for some EU/EEA countries for citizens travelling with an expired passport or ID card?

    For trips in the Schengen area, no internal border checks are carried out and so no documents are necessary.

    In the event of wishing to enter Spain through an external border, the following exceptions exist in the event of having an expired passport/ID card (subject to changes by virtue of agreements):

    • List of countries for which a passport that expired up to 5 years ago is admissible: Belgium, France, Austria, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Netherlands and Portugal.

    • List of countries for which a passport that expired for up to 1 year ago is admissible: Germany, Hungary and the UK.

    • List of countries for which an ID card that expired up to 1 year ago is admissible: Germany and Hungary.

    • In the case of the validity of expired documents presented to a forwarding agent for boarding purposes, competence lies with the Spanish Ministry of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda.

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Air and sea transport

Airlines and maritime transport companies operating in Spain require passengers to be in possession of a valid passport for travelling to third countries and a valid ID card for travelling within the EU/Schengen area.

It is therefore recommended that every passenger travelling by air and sea is in possession of a valid, current travel document.

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Authority responsible for the information

Ministry of the Interior
Directorate-General of Police

Ministry of Transport, Mobility and the Urban Agenda
Spanish Aviation Safety and Security Agency
Directorate-General of the Merchant Navy